On 13/01/2012, the cruise ship Costa Concordia collided with rocks a few hundred meters from the Isola del Giglio.
The impact tore a 70-meter long hole in the hull that caused the ship to sink. The emergency is being managed by the Commissioner appointed by the Government, who is the head of the Civil Protection Department, assisted by a Technical and Scientific Committee of which ARPAT forms part.
ARPAT has been tasked with performing environmental monitoring to check on any leakages of fuel and all the other potential pollutants on board, based on a monitoring plan prepared on a joint basis with ISPRA and carried out using the Poseidon.
Level 1 – Monitoring in 5 points near the ship (initial phase)
The purpose of this is to monitor the amount of pollution and its diffusion. Activities include basic chemical and physical tests using probes and field instruments, and sampling with subsequent laboratory analysis of other parameters correlated to the substances that may be released or produced.
Level 2 – Monitoring to assess environmental damage in the short and medium term
A programme agreed by ARPAT and ISPRA, using an oceanographic vessel, with ecotoxicological, hydromorphological and biological chemical tests performed on the water column, sediment and biota in the area around the wreck, in locations to define during tests and at variable frequencies based on the parameters involved.
Level 3 – Monitoring for long term assessments
Monitoring at 5 stations in the regional monitoring network near the site of the sinking, at the frequencies defined by the 2012 programme (at the present time) and with a profile extended to include dangerous chemical parameters and biological quality elements. The monitoring stations used are Porto Santo Stefano, Montecristo, Foce Bruna, Cala Forno and Elba Sud (Mola). The aim of monitoring is to assess any changes in the quality of coastal waters compared with the quality standards provided by current legislation.